Scar formation in smokers and Second hand smokers
The smoke of tobacco and nicotine alter blood circulation all over the body. Singularly one cigarette causes 90 minutes of vascular spasm which diminishes blood circulation in the skin. Following this principle, it negatively affects scarring process.
Tobacco inhibits the production of a natural blood vessel opener, nitric oxide. Therefore produces blood vessel narrowing in arteries, veins and capillaries. This specific reaction reduces circulation in the regenerating tissues and slows down regeneration.
Several investigations have proved that smoking leads to a greater frequency of scarring problems in the areas behind the ears in facelift patients. Similarly to what happens with skin layers lifted during Tummy Tuck, Breast lift or breast reduction.
Second hand Smokers are those people that even if they do not smoke they live or spend large amounts of time surrounded by cigarette smoke. The smoke that these people breathe is far more harmful than first hand smoke because it comes mixed with residues and waste from the smoker’s lungs.
It is vitally important that smokers and second hand smokers are very well informed about their greater healing and scarring problem risk.